de.NBI Proteomics

Computational proteomics is a constantly growing field to support end users with powerful and reliable tools for performing several computational steps within an analytics workflow for proteomics experiments. Typically, after capturing with a mass spectrometer, the proteins have to be identified and quantified. After certain follow-up analyses, an optional targeted approach is suitable for validating the results. The de.NBI (German network for bioinformatics infrastructure) service center in Dortmund provides several software applications and platforms as services to meet these demands. In this work, we present our tools and services, which is the combination of SearchGUI and PeptideShaker. SearchGUI is a managing tool for several search engines to find peptide spectra matches for one or more complex MS2 measurements. PeptideShaker combines all matches and creates a consensus list of identified proteins providing statistical confidence measures. In a next step, we are planning to release a web service for protein identification containing both tools. This system will be designed for high scalability and distributed computing using solutions like the Docker container system among others. As an additional service, we offer a web service oriented database providing all necessary high-quality and high-resolution data for starting targeted proteomics analyses. The user can easily select proteins of interest, review the according spectra and download both protein sequences and spectral library. All systems are designed to be intuitively and user-friendly operable.

Integrative biology

The study of complex biological systems is best approached by incorporating many perspectives. Thus omics strategies are the perfect toolset to deliver quantitative information from multi molecular layers of an investigated system such as differentiating stem cells. By combining proteomics and lipidomics approaches novel control mechanisms such as network based interconnected feedback influencing cell fate decision will be identified and elucidated. The aim of this project is to develop novel strategies in the field of integrative biology allowing the in deep investigation of dynamic systems. To achieve this goal, still a lot of effort has to be invested too continuously improve and to develop novel analytical approaches in separation, detection and quantification of different lipid classes.

e:Med SUPR-G

Diffuse gliomas are the most frequent primary human brain tumors with glioblastoma being the most aggressive among them. The mean survival for patients suffering from glioblastoma is restricted to 12 months, despite multimodal therapy regimens. Tumor cells commonly exhibit high levels of endoplasmic reticulum stress, which triggers the unfolded protein response (UPR), a mechanism, which recently has gained a lot of attention in the treatment of malignancies. Despite its broad clinical importance, quantitative models that systematically describe the UPR in cancer cells are missing so far. In order to lever the UPR for therapeutic intervention in glioma, strong needs exist for an integrated vision of how this molecular pathway contributes to tumor growth and infiltration.

The aim of the SUPR-G systems biology approach is to combine interdisciplinary approaches and state of the art methodology – including translatome and proteome analyses, computational modeling, human glioma specimen and in vivo animal model target validation – to gain novel and system-wide insights into the UPR.

These data will serve to establish the first highly integrated quantitative network model of the UPR in glioma to reveal potential therapeutic candidates for subsequent validation using the individual model systems of the consortium. The constructed model will be made publically available via a web based interface and will be integrated into already existing online tools enabling the scientific community to develop novel targeted therapies interfering with UPR-mediated cell fate decisions in the context of glioma and beyond.